Europe battles over biotechnology

日期:2019-03-03 01:11:06 作者:益缨 阅读:

By DEBORA MacKENZIE in BRUSSELS Tension is mounting between European biotechnology companies and the environmental authorities who must approve their work. The stresses were revealed this week when the European Commission presented a policy document to Community ministers that contradicts directives governing biotechnology that have already been adopted by the Community. The paper states Commission policy on promoting the biotechnology industry in the Community. It was signed by the commissioners for industry, agriculture and research, but not by the environment commissioner. It was written largely by the staff of industry commissioner Martin Bangemann, say Brussels officials. The document says products of genetic engineering should be regulated under existing laws, according to the sector in which the product is to be used, without extra environmental approvals designed to monitor genetically modified organisms (GMOs). This supports the view taken by CEFIC, the European chemicals industry federation. Brian Ager of CEFIC says a GMO released to control pests, for example, should be approved for sale under existing procedures for chemical pesticides. The Community passed two directives last year, which must become law in member states by 1992,